Interesting Facts About Black SquirrelsBlack Squirrel Where Do They Live

A few interesting facts about black squirrels will help you understand this critter better. In this article, we’ll cover: Origin stories, Natural range, Predators, and Food. In addition, you’ll learn how to spot a squirrel in your home, as well as how to keep them out. We hope this information is useful to you, so you can make an informed decision when removing them from your home.

Origin stories

The black squirrel is a common sight on Kent State University’s campus, but there is an interesting origin story behind them. This little critter is so loved that it became the unofficial mascot of the school. While there are many different origin stories about the black squirrel, they all have a common thread: the black squirrel is the first native species of North America. It is a beautiful animal that lives in trees.

A history of the black squirrel dates back as early as 1900. The Smithsonian Museum has documented that in 1902, Samuel P. Langley, Smithsonian secretary, received eight black squirrels from Thomas W. Gibson, a former Ontario commissioner of crown lands. Gibson had gotten the animals from Chatham-Kent. By 1900, the Smithsonian had a director, Frank Baker, request for the squirrels from several addresses in Ontario.

Natural range

While the natural range of black squirrels is relatively large, there are significant geographic variations in the distribution of this species. In some parts of its range, the species is rare or absent. This may be due to factors such as human disturbance, climate change, and habitat loss, but in others, it could be the result of natural selection. Urban areas may provide refuge from hunting pressures and thus facilitate the increase in the number of black squirrels. The extent to which urbanization has affected the distribution of black squirrels in the United States has been debated. However, the data suggest that urbanization is a factor in the occurrence of black morphs.

Black squirrels are native to eastern gray squirrels and are not introduced. Their distribution in North America is relatively small, with black morphs found in most of Ontario and Michigan. The species occurs in urban and suburban areas more than anywhere else, and is therefore a distinct, local species. While black squirrels are rare, there are also some areas where they are highly prevalent. During the spring and summer, black squirrels can be found at the edges of suburban areas, making them particularly striking in the urban environment.


A black squirrel’s habitat will determine which predators it will be at risk of catching. These predators include coyotes, foxes, raccoons, and even mink. If you see a squirrel in your yard, it is likely that it is a ground squirrel. These animals often congregate in areas where predators live, and will feed on the squirrels if they are caught.

A study published in the Journal of Wildlife Biology suggests that road mortality may be a powerful selective agent in urban environments. In Syracuse, NY, researchers investigated whether the proportion of black squirrels reported as roadkill corresponded to the background frequency of the morph in the area. The researchers determined crypsis using a color analysis that compared museum specimens on pavement to morphs in the area. Several factors may be responsible for this behavior, but researchers are still investigating how road mortality affects black squirrels.


The best food for black squirrels includes raw seeds, nuts, and fruit. Squirrels need a variety of plant foods to keep their bodies healthy and active. They will also love peanuts, sunflower seeds, and walnut-sized rocks. These are all excellent sources of plant protein. A small amount of cheese, boiled peanuts, or other dairy products will also help your black squirrel maintain a healthy weight. However, do not give your squirrel packaged food or pet treats. These may contain artificial flavors or sweeteners.

You can’t force black squirrels to eat your food. You have to provide food that they will enjoy. Squirrels will steal your birds’ eggs and sometimes even snag baby chicks. You should also keep in mind that squirrels do not need excessive amounts of carbs. That’s why you should avoid placing bowls of cereal out on your deck or patio for them. These cereals may also contain animal byproducts or other chemicals that can harm your squirrel’s health.


Researchers studied the distribution of black and gray squirrels throughout North America, and found that black morphs were more likely to be observed in urban settings and secondary forests. However, their behavior differed considerably between the two types of habitats, suggesting that these animals may be selected against in urban areas. Here, we’ll look at the reasons for this diversity. And, don’t worry if you’ve never seen a black squirrel, because there are many ways to identify these adorable creatures.

A variety of other factors may be responsible for this difference in behavior. For instance, some urban habitats are more susceptible to road mortality than rural ones, and black squirrels are less recognizable in those environments. But the differences aren’t as stark as these findings would indicate. Researchers have found that road mortality can be a potent selective agent in urban areas. For this reason, they studied the distribution of roadkill in the city of Syracuse, NY, and found that the proportion of roadkill was comparable to the background rate of the morph in that area. In addition, the researchers determined the crypsis by comparing museum specimens to those on pavement.


Where do black squirrels live?

Answer: Black squirrels can be found in many places around the world including the United States Canada Europe and Asia.


What do black squirrels eat?

Answer: Black squirrels are omnivores and their diet consists of various plant materials insects and other small animals.


How big do black squirrels get?

Answer: Black squirrels typically grow to be about 20 inches long and weigh around 1-2 pounds.


How long do black squirrels live?

Answer: The average lifespan of a black squirrel is 4-5 years although some have been known to live up to 10 years in captivity.


What is the scientific name for the black squirrel?

Answer: The scientific name for the black squirrel is sciurus niger.


Are black squirrels endangered?

Answer: No black squirrels are not currently endangered.


What predators do black squirrels have?

Answer: Black squirrels have a few predators including coyotes foxes hawks and owls.


Do black squirrels hibernate?

Answer: Yes black squirrels typically hibernate from November to March.


What is the average litter size for black squirrels?

Answer: The average litter size for black squirrels is 3-5 kits.


How often do black squirrels have litters?

Answer: Black squirrels typically have 1-2 litters per year.


At what age do black squirrels reach sexual maturity?

Answer: Black squirrels reach sexual maturity at around 1 year of age.


Do black squirrels mate for life?

Answer: No black squirrels do not mate for life and will typically have multiple partners during their lifetime.


How do black squirrels communicate?

Answer: Black squirrels communicate through a variety of vocalizations and body language.


What is the primary purpose of a black squirrel’s tail?

Answer: The primary purpose of a black squirrel’s tail is to help balance the squirrel while climbing and leaping.


What does a black squirrel’s fur look like?

Answer: A black squirrel’s fur is typically black but can also be brown or red in some instances.

Black Squirrel Where Do They Live

Jessica Watson is a PHD holder from the University of Washington. She studied behavior and interaction between squirrels and has presented her research in several wildlife conferences including TWS Annual Conference in Winnipeg.

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