Squirrels With Mange

Mange is a type of skin condition that is mostly caused by parasitic mites burrowing under the host’s skin. Mites are parasitic because they feed and live on their host for survival. Mange is a common disease that usually itches and appears as blisters and wound on the squirrels’ skin, due to the poor conditions of their infected skin and fur. 

Squirrels with mange are squirrels that experience constant loss of hair and breaking of fur due to the external parasite(mites) that lives on their skin leading to alopecia and itchy skin conditions. 

Squirrels With Mange

The fungus of this mange is known as Notoedries douglasi, a critical condition that is common to gray squirrels. Notoedric mange is a parasite disease caused by the presence of microscopic mites called Notoedres centrifera in the skin, this parasite digs microscopic  “tunnel” in the squirrel’s skin and creates irritation. This parasitic infection is host-specific and does not colonize non-hosts such as humans.

Squirrels With Mange

The western gray squirrels are the most affected species by the mange, followed by the eastern squirrels and the fox squirrels as discovered in the United States. Among these squirrels, mange is easily contacted and being spread due to the direct contact and cohabitations and their nest.

An adult squirrel can survive the mange if it is in otherwise good condition and can manage the situation. That is why their treatment is not necessarily recommended because of reinfection from their nests. Although the mange can be fatal or go beyond the squirrel’s control during the winter period as a result of exposure to the cold weather. During the winter period, squirrels are vulnerable to predators because they are less active and weak.

Must Read: How to Get Rid of Ground Squirrels

Squirrels With Mange

They are also vulnerable to numerous parasites and diseases such as ticks, fleas, mites, internal parasites, and mange. All these parasites burrow into the squirrel’s skin feed on its subcutaneous tissue, thereby bringing irritation to their skin. 


  • Constant loss of hair
  • Dry and thickened skin
  • Itchy skin with an infectious appearance
  • Diminished growth
  • Sore skin with a lot of blisters and bruises

All these symptoms are commonly found in squirrels with mange. You can easily see mange-infested squirrels walking slowly or just sleeping helplessly beside a tree, this is because the infection has weakened them and making them susceptible.

Squirrels With Mange



Most squirrels with mange are vulnerable to predators and ended up being prey. They are most likely to be exposed to the chance of being attacked or harmed physically, despite being a strong and active animals.

Also Read :- How To Get Rid Of Ground Squirrels


Squirrels are known to be good-looking animals with their lush hairy skin, but when they are infested with mange they look thin, old, and haggard.


This is a state of mental and physical weakness. The squirrels at this period are weak, unhealthy, and feeble.


When they are exposed to danger, they are liable to die at that period. Also, the squirrels are inactive during the winter period, and when they are also infested with mange they are prone to die quickly due to their hairless skin. It is discovered that there are lots of squirrels with mange found dead especially during the winter period.



Mange in squirrels should be adequately diagnosed based on an examination because there can be other causes of these fungal infections such as post-stress molting problems and genetic abnormalities. 

What is mange?

Mange is a skin disease caused by parasitic mites.

What does mange look like?

Mange can cause the skin to become red crusty and scaly.

The hair may also fall out in patches and the affected area may be itchy.

How do mites cause mange?

Mites cause mange by burrowing into the skin and laying eggs.

The eggs hatch and the mites feed on the skin causing irritation and inflammation.

How do squirrels get mange?

Squirrels can get mange from contact with other animals that have the disease or from exposure to contaminated environments.

What are the symptoms of mange in squirrels?

The symptoms of mange in squirrels include hair loss itching and skin lesions.

How does mange affect squirrels?

Mange can cause severe itching and hair loss in squirrels.

If left untreated the disease can lead to secondary infections and even death.

How is mange diagnosed?

Mange is typically diagnosed based on the symptoms and a physical examination.

Your veterinarian may also recommend skin scrapings or biopsies to confirm the diagnosis.

How is mange treated?

Mange is treated with topical or oral medications that kill the mites.

In severe cases your veterinarian may also recommend hospitalization and intensive care.

Can mange be prevented?

Mange can be prevented by avoiding contact with other animals that have the disease and by keeping your squirrel’s environment clean and free of debris.

What is the prognosis for squirrels with mange?

The prognosis for squirrels with mange is good if the disease is caught early and treated promptly.

However untreated mange can lead to secondary infections and even death.

How long does it take for mange to resolve?

With treatment mange typically resolves within 4-6 weeks.

What are the potential complications of mange?

Potential complications of mange include secondary bacterial infections dehydration and malnutrition.

Can mange be cured?

Mange can be cured with treatment.

However even after the mites are gone the skin may remain irritated and sensitive for some time.

What is the long-term outlook for squirrels with mange?

The long-term outlook for squirrels with mange is good if the disease is caught early and treated promptly.

However untreated mange can lead to secondary infections and even death.

What is the best way to prevent mange?

The best way to prevent mange is to avoid contact with other animals that have the disease and by keeping your squirrel’s environment clean and free of debris.

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