What Are The Squirrel Like Animals In Hawaii

What Are the Squirrel Like Animals in Hawaii?

If you have ever been to Hawai’i, you’ve probably noticed that there are some mammal-like creatures on the islands. While they may not be squirrels, rats, or any other similar creature, they do represent the radical changes brought by humans to these islands. In fact, before Polynesians arrived on the islands, there were only two mammals found on the islands: the Hawaiian Hoary Bat and the Monk Sea.


The introduction of mongoose to Hawaii was designed to control the rodent population. The mongoose can be found throughout Hawaii, from sea level to the summit of Haleakala. Mongooses are daytime animals, and they usually prey on rats and rodents. However, they have also been known to attack and destroy native birds’ nests, including ‘apapane. The impact of these pests on native forest bird populations can be greatly reduced if effective control measures are taken.

House mouse

In Hawai’i, you will find a variety of mice and rats from all over the world, including the Norwegian rat and the house mouse. These animals prefer living indoors and in trees, but they are not native to the islands. Nutria is another common species, and looks like a giant raccoon, with long, round tails and orange front teeth. Its range extends from the southern US to Hawaii and is considered invasive.


Raccoons, squirrel-like animals native to North America, have a bad reputation in Hawaii. They are omnivores, eating insects, rodents, and fruit. While they are not dangerous to humans, they may sting you if they are startled. In the past, Hawaiians used raccoons as food, as they are able to trace their movements.

Raccoons carry rabies

When a Matson cargo ship arrived Monday from Long Beach, Calif., it was discovered on the ship that it was carrying a raccoon. Hawaii is one of only two states that does not have a rabies outbreak, but raccoons are invasive to the state. This is concerning because raccoons are known to carry rabies. Thankfully, Hawaii is rabies-free, and raccoons are one of the most commonly reported rabid species in the US.

Raccoons are nocturnal

These nocturnal mammals are native to North America, where they live in forests. Due to their ability to adapt to a variety of habitats, raccoons have become a popular pet in urban areas. Today, raccoons are widespread in cities, and their population is increasing because of lack of predators and abundance of human food. They vary in size and home range, but generally span one mile.

Raccoons are not aggressive

Although raccoons are not aggressive animals, they can be dangerous. If they become cornered, they can bite and cause severe wounds on their victims. Their teeth, which are adapted to their omnivorous diet, can puncture human skin and shear flesh. Fortunately, Hawaii is home to a variety of raccoon species. Here are some things to keep in mind when you encounter these animals.

Mongoose are not aggressive

Hawaiian mongooses do not pose any danger to humans, but they are not pets either. If you accidentally pounce on one, it may run off. Once it is cornered, it may bite you, but it is only aggressive if it has to defend itself. In addition, its bites can be painful and may require stitches. Mongoose populations are generally stable throughout the world, though some species are listed as vulnerable or declining on the IUCN Red List. No Hawaiian mongoose is listed as endangered.

Mongoose are not native to Hawaii

While mongooses are not native to Hawaii, the sugar cane industry imported them from India to control rat populations on the islands. In Hawaii, these animals are a scourge, eating sugar cane and leaving behind large numbers of eggs and hatchlings. This is especially troublesome because the mongoose are a natural predator for several species of endangered Hawaiian sea turtles.

Mongoose were imported by the sugar industry

In the 1870s, the Hawaiian sugar industry discovered that rats were causing huge amounts of damage to their crop fields. In an effort to curb the damage, sugar planters brought mongooses from India to Hawaii. This was a success story for both sides. The mongoose quickly spread throughout the Hawaiian Islands, and their introduction was credited with reducing the amount of rat damage to sugar cane.

What is the name of the native Hawaiian squirrel-like animals?

The Hawaiian name for these animals is ‘Aniani’ and they are part of the ‘Ailuropodinae’ subfamily.

What do these animals look like?

They have reddish-brown fur and are about 10 to 12 inches long including their tail.

They also have large eyes and ears and furry feet.

Where do they live?

They are found in the forests of Hawaii on the islands of Kaua’i O’ahu Maui and Lana’i.

What do they eat?

Their diet consists of fruits nuts and insects.

How many of these animals are left in the wild?

It is estimated that there are only about 1000 of these animals left in the wild.

What is the primary threat to these animals?

The primary threat to these animals is habitat loss due to deforestation.

What is being done to help these animals?

The ‘Aniani Conservation Society’ is working to help these animals by planting trees and restoring forests.

How can I help these animals?

You can help these animals by donating to or volunteering with the ‘Aniani Conservation Society’.

What is the scientific name for these animals?

The scientific name for these animals is ‘Urogale everetti’.

What is the IUCN Red List status of these animals?

The IUCN Red List status of these animals is ‘Endangered’.

How long do these animals live?

These animals typically live for about 5 years in the wild.

What is the average litter size for these animals?

The average litter size for these animals is 2 to 3 offspring.

What is the gestation period for these animals?

The gestation period for these animals is about 45 days.

When are these animals most active?

These animals are most active during the day.

What is the conservation status of these animals in Hawaii?

The conservation status of these animals in Hawaii is ‘Critically Endangered’.

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