Listed on Appendix III of the Bern Convention, the red squirrel is protected under Schedules 5 and 6 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act. The UK Biodiversity Action Plan has designated red squirrels as a priority species. There are two to eight species worldwide. Learn more about these amazing creatures! And don’t forget to look at their range map! If you’re wondering what’s the red squirrel’s range, here are some facts about them.

Two to eight offspring

The survival rate of the young Eurasian red squirrel is very low. Because young squirrels are vulnerable to predation from birds and mammals, less than one out of four survive to their first birthday. Adults typically live for six to seven years in the wild, although they can live longer in captivity. However, the survival rates of offspring from mothers who were fed supplemental food were significantly lower than those from unsupplemented mothers.


The sedentary red squirrel is an arboreal species that inhabits woodland habitats. Nestlings are fed by a variety of predators, including small mammals, birds, owls, and raptors. Dogs, cats, and other small animals prey on the red squirrel on the ground. Habitat destruction by humans, including introducing non-native populations of eastern grey squirrels, has negatively impacted the red squirrel’s population. If habitat is lost or reduced, red squirrels will not breed, resulting in declining numbers of the species.


Despite their name, the Solitary Red Squirrel lives alone. These animals have exclusive territories and little social interaction. Yet, over a long period of time, the same red squirrels may reap fitness benefits from a social relationship. The squirrels also have distinct vocalizations called rattles, which may help them form long-term bonds with their neighbors. Despite their solitary nature, they have been observed to live in neighborhoods where humans aren’t allowed.


The Environment Department has apologized to the red squirrel for the situation, but has said they are not taking calls on the issue. The law was put in place decades ago after wealthy Victorians brought in grey squirrels to the U.S. for the purpose of curiosity and unwittingly spread them across the British Isles. Now, it is unclear whether the red squirrel was released back into the wild or was simply found by a law enforcement officer.

Breeding in underground chambers

Red squirrels spend a great deal of time in tree tops, burying seeds and nuts and other food items. Red squirrels also consume insects, bird’s eggs, and other small mammals. Their diet is primarily based on acorns, nuts, and tree sap. In times of abundance, red squirrels actively gather food. Middens are a way for the squirrels to store food. Red squirrels may have six or more middens near the nest, which contain dried nuts, cones, and seeds. The placement of these middens is directly related to the squirrel’s territoriality.

No hibernation

The secret to no hibernation in red squirrels lies in their photo-neuroendocrine system, which tracks seasonal changes in animals. This system involves a complex system of neurons, glands, and hormones that adjust an animal’s internal chemistry in response to changes in day length. As the autumn weather gets shorter, the photoperiod begins to shorten. A fatter squirrel can survive even the harshest winter conditions, because it will be able to scamper to food sources.

No monogamy

Researchers from the University of Guelph have solved a puzzle that has puzzled researchers for years: red squirrels’ female promiscuity is not due to genetics. Instead, it’s due to the fact that females entertain as many potential mates as possible before going into heat. This risky behaviour is unique in the mammal world, and it’s the result of a lack of genetic basis.

No dreys

If you have noticed no dreys in red squirrels in your yard, you should be happy! They have been known to leave their nests to mate. In the early spring, female squirrels begin to share dreys in a process called ovulation. However, this practice ceases in late spring or summer when female squirrels are busy raising young. You should therefore not disturb a nest of a red squirrel.

Protected by law

The red squirrel is protected by law in the United Kingdom, where it is a protected species. In the UK, the red squirrel is listed on Schedule 5 and 6 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act (1981) and the Nature Conservation (Scotland) Order of 2004. In addition, the UK Red Squirrel Group has published an Advice Note in August 2004 that outlines the importance of protecting the red squirrel.

Population decline

The study of population changes in two species, the red and grey, has demonstrated a significant correlation between the rates of decline and invasive species. The red squirrel’s population declined linearly from 1993 to 1997, reaching 50 percent in 2002. The grey squirrel population expanded asymptotically after 1999, but declined more slowly than the red. Neither invasive species nor their spread are likely to explain the red squirrel’s decline.


What is the largest species of squirrel?


The largest squirrel is the giant squirrel.


What is the smallest species of squirrel?


The smallest squirrel is the African pygmy squirrel.


How many species of squirrel are there?


There are over 200 species of squirrel.


Where do most squirrel species live?


Most squirrel species live in the Northern Hemisphere.


What is the most common type of squirrel in North America?


The most common type of squirrel in North America is the red squirrel.


What do squirrels eat?


Squirrels eat a variety of things but their diet mostly consists of nuts seeds and fruits.


Do all squirrels hibernate?


No not all squirrels hibernate.


How long do squirrels live?


The average lifespan of a squirrel is 5-10 years but some squirrels have been known to live up to 20 years.


What is the average weight of a squirrel?


The average weight of a squirrel is between 1 and 2 pounds.


What is the average length of a squirrel?


The average length of a squirrel is between 10 and 16 inches.


What is the average lifespan of a red squirrel?


The average lifespan of a red squirrel is 9 years.


What do red squirrels eat?


Red squirrels eat a variety of things but their diet mostly consists of nuts seeds and fruits.


Do red squirrels hibernate?


No red squirrels do not hibernate.


How long do red squirrels live?


The average lifespan of a red squirrel is 9 years.


What is the average weight of a red squirrel?


The average weight of a red squirrel is 1 pound.

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